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 Program Resume - UNHCR - Project Description, 1997 (UNHCR)

 Duration: 31.12.1996 - 31.12.1997
 Location: Agdam
 Sectors: Food aid
Household items
Local NGO development
Shelter construction
Shelter repair

Temporary local settlement of
Internally Displaced Persons in Azerbaijan

1. Project Objective/Overview

The Project is geared to provide humanitarian assistance to approximately 140,000 of the most vulnerable and socially disadvantaged of the 610,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) and returnees in Azerbaijan. The primary objective is to facilitate an intermediate local integration of the displaced persons through improving their transitory shelter conditions, promote the public service delivery capacity of the host municipalities and local communities, and instituting a degree of economic self-reliance among IDP communities.

Assistance will thus be rendered in sectors such as Water, Sanitation, Health/Nutrition, Shelter, Community Services, Income-Generation and Legal Assistance. Particular emphasis will be placed on the provision of a substantial number of single-family dwellings constructed with local [limestone] building materials, repairs and rehabilitation of [decrepit] IDP-occupied public buildings for a humanly-appropriate as well as dignified living.

Additional sectoral assistance in Crop Production and Animal Husbandry is aimed at reducing dependency on external assistance for subsistence and promoting a degree of economic self-reliance of some of the many thousands of less-fortunate and impoverished displaced families. Such assistance will be directed primarily towards assisting female-headed and penurious IDP households in remote rural locations and settlements where real opportunities for engaging in meaningful socio-economic activities are non-existent.

In view of the still prolonged and yet to be resolved conflict over Nagorno-Karabagh, the political stalemate and the temporary nature of the cease-fire, small quantities of essential relief items procured under 1995 and 1996 projects will be retained as contingency stock.

Since 1988, and successive influxes of refugees and displaced persons, the country remains overwhelmed by the progressive decline of living standards of its population; and consequently the increased needs of the IDPs and their resulting larger dependence on relief assistance. Moreover, economic dislocation as a result of regional political conflicts continues to exacerbate the situation, making the Government of Azerbaijan rely continually on the international support to provide humanitarian relief assistance to its affected and impoverished population. In addition, the already overstretched institutional capacity of the GoA to address complex problems of its dispossessed populace needs to be strengthened further.

Effective 1 July, the Azerbaijan programme will be divided into AP and TF projects, however, until then this project will continue to cover relief activities for refugees as initially set out and approved under TF project. This provision is made to ensure continuity of programme implementation and to facilitate relevant division of projects when the transition is made; AP project effectively taking over the refugee-designed programme.

2. Description of Beneficiaries

The displaced communities are largely composed of the following:

549,598 Azerbaijanis who were displaced from Nagorno-Karabagh and surrounding regions and from the border with Armenia in the West to the East of the country; and

60,402 IDP returnees to Aghdam and Fizuli districts.

The number of beneficiaries will vary and depend on the type of assistance. Priority will be assigned to the following categories:

- families which have lost members during the military conflict;
- female-headed families with children;
- families without earning family members;
- families with large number of children;
- the elderly, handicapped, the children; and
- persons in need of medical care.

3. Implementation Procedures

(b RI, Relief International, USA
(c IRC, International Rescue Committee, USA
(d ADRA, Adventist Development and Relief Agency
(e Hayat International, a national NGO
(f CAD, Children's Aid Direct (UK)
(g UMCOR, United Methodists Committee on Relief (USA)
(u UNHCR BO Baku
(u) UNHCR BOB Baku

OXFAM will be engaged in the implementation of rehabilitation and/or maintenance and construction work in the sectors water, sanitation and shelter. OXFAM will also implement specific health training in reproductive health, environmental sanitation and hygiene and income-generation and engage in community services sectorial activities.

RI will carry out activities in the health sector serving isolated rural IDP communities in the form of providing medical services in applied field obstetrics and gynecology; conduct specific training for trainers in reproductive health for both [IDP] women and men. RI will also engage in sectors transport/logistics, water, sanitation, shelter, crop-production [horticulture], community services, income-generation as well as animal husbandry.

IRC will carry out [multi-sectorial] activities in health/nutrition (reproductive health), shelter and livestock/animal husbandry. IRC will also render a multi-sectorial assistance engaging increasingly in activities in the Fizuli region for IDP returnees. The agency will also implement the crop-production sector, primarily in the Fizuli region.

ADRA will engage in the crop production sector providing selected rural communities with communal-type of rudimentary greenhouses, farming tools and assorted amount of vegetable seeds for individual consumption and commercial growing of vegetables.

Hayat will participate in the implementation of sectors water, shelter and sanitation as well as engage in livestock/animal husbandry sector for selected rural beneficiaries.

CAD will engage in health sector to address the needs of mother and child by providing specific maternal and child health care. In addition, CAD will provide family planning training services and support national health structures.

UMCOR will engage in health sector with the aim to conduct education campaign on reproductive health and integrate safe motherhood and obstetric care into the UMCOR clinic operations.

B.O. Baku will provide programme support to local charitable and welfare organizations which promote self-reliance of displaced communities. BO Baku will also carry out training activities to increase the level of knowledge of its implementing partners and government interlocutors involved in delivering humanitarian assistance and/or engaged in protection.

4. Related Inputs/Projects

The Government of Azerbaijan has been providing and will continue to provide, through the state social welfare system, limited assistance to displaced persons as well as returnees, mainly in the form of shelter and limited financial support and relief items. Bilateral relief assistance is being provided to IDPs through direct government-to-government agreements or through international relief agencies working in the country; ECHO, USAID and certain governments provide funding to international non-governmental organizations toward the multi-sectorial relief assistance.

Activities financed by UNHCR will form an important and integral part of the country programmes of OXFAM(UK), RI(USA), IRC(USA), ADRA(USA), Hayat(local), CAD (UK) and UMCOR(USA). Thus, the activities financed from external sources will benefit the programme as a whole of each agency. For example, in order to maintain access to essential health services that have been received by IDPs in Barda and Aghjabedi under sub-agreement with UNHCR during 1995 and 1996, RI will receive financial support from USAID for continuation of these vital health services in course of 1997.

ADRA will implement a "greenhouse" project in the north-western regions providing IDP communities with greenhouse assembly kits and inputs for year-round growing of vegetables. Partial costs associated with operational support will be borne by ADRA.

HAYAT will put in place project management/supervisory staff and implement water, shelter/other infrastructure and livestock/animal husbandry sector. Similarly, RI (USA) will engage project staff in the implementation of above-mentioned sectors.

CAD will, in cooperation with UNFPA and GoA's Ministry of Health, continue their own operation of mobile clinics in the north-western regions of Azerbaijan. These outreach activities will be closely linked with UNHCR-funded sector health/nutrition that will provide for specific health services for IDP mother and child.

UMCOR will provide project support services from its Headquarters in New York, USA. In addition, employee benefits and/or staff salaries and partial budget cover for UMCOR's agency operational support costs will be borne by the agency.

NGOs which are not UNHCR's formal implementing agencies will, as required, carry out distribution of relief items throughout the country; relief agencies will incorporate this activity within their own humanitarian relief programme and cover costs of regional storage of UNHCR relief items, logistics and costs related to operational support through own funding. In districts where NGOs do not have distribution network, the distribution of relief items will be entrusted to the local administrations and monitored by BO Baku staff. In-country transport to their regional warehouse depots will be covered by UNHCR.

5. Description of Assistance

B.03 TRANSPORT/LOGISTICS: Warehouse/Mechanical Workshop Construction

Budgetary provisions are made for repairs on Government-provided warehouse facilities such as concrete roofs by sealing joints with bitumen-based and hot-laid roofing sheets.

B.21 TRANSPORT/LOGISTICS: In-country Transport (General)

Budgetary provision is made to cover costs for the in-country transport of ADRA/ UNHCR-procured greenhouse assembly material and related components such as iron rods and transparent plastic sheets to the rural sites in eleven north-western regions. The sector also provides for the hire of a truck and a vehicle; 3 and 12 months respectively. Air transport from Baku to Ganja is also being provided for by this sector.

In support of RI's project implementation, the sector provides for the hire of five trucks and two 4WD vehicles for a duration of three months. Provisions have also been made to cover transportation of medicines by UMCOR to its regional outposts and warehouses.

B.24 TRANSPORT/LOGISTICS: International Transport (Non-food)

Budgetary provision is made to cover cost of rail transport and handling of a possible donation of additional construction timber from Georgia or Russia to Azerbaijan earmarked for the UNHCR shelter programme. Additional provision is made to cover international transportation of two Nissan Patrol vehicles for BO Baku. Partial costs related to RI's international procurement of drugs/medical supplies will be provided.

B.25 TRANSPORT/LOGISTICS: In-country Transport (Non-Food)

In-country transport of non-food items such as domestic needs/household support will, if not provided through other agencies, be carried out by RI in all regions of Azerbaijan through direct hire of contractual road transport services provided by the private sector.

Under this activity, RI will also be engaged in the provision of road transportation of UNHCR relief items within the country for the distribution by various international relief agencies in their respective regions of operation and by Regional Executive Committees.

B.28 TRANSPORT/LOGISTICS: Warehousing/Distribution Services

The sector activity provides for the payment of manual labor for handling of UNHCR relief items at two government warehouses in Darnagul/Baku made available to BOB. RI will provide for the operation of the UNHCR-managed warehouse depots and the handling of goods and hire of a crane. Salaries of the warehouse manager, his assistant, transport manager and 7 laborers will be covered. As well, the sector covers costs for a regional warehouse maintained by Relief International for a period of three months.

The sector provides for the distribution of UNHCR relief items by Relief International. The operation is scheduled for a period of twelve months depending on actual volume of items to be distributed in 1997; work will be carried out and monitored by a local team of four distributors/monitors. In support of these field activities, RI will employ a housekeeper; lodgings of the field distribution teams for nine months will be provided. Commodity handling expenses of UMCOR-procured medical items will be provided for.

NGOs will continue to render to UNHCR logistical assistance in their respective regions of operation. Elsewhere, distribution 1996 STS-procured relief items as well as in-kind donations such as vegetable seeds will be carried out by the Regional Executive Committees in liaison with UNHCR's principal government counterpart office; Working Group of the Republican Commission on Humanitarian and Technical Assistance (RCHTA) under the Cabinet of Ministers. Such distributions of UNHCR relief commodities will be directly monitored by the field staff of BO Baku.


Payment of financial assistance to a small number of individual asylum seekers, refugees and families will be provided. Monthly payments for basic subsistence(rent/food), ranging from US$50 to $70, will be made to refugee/asylum seekers depending on family size. Individual asylum seekers and recognized mandate refugees without accompanying family members receive USD40 per month; couples without children receive USD50, and families with children receive USD10 per child. The beneficiaries and duration of the assistance will be decided on a case-by-case basis to ensure that only the most vulnerable families are assisted. This assistance is also provided to recognized refugees awaiting resettlement to other countries either because of family reunification or other related protection matters. The sector also provides for an one-time payment to refugees to assist them in finding durable solution. In addition, BO Baku will render special legal protection as well as other forms of assistance to particularly vulnerable asylum seekers and refugees. The criteria for selection of these cases will include families with sick or invalid family-members; single young people who have been severely psychologically traumatized. All of them have originated from non-CIS countries and are in need of psychological rehabilitation, medical and humanitarian assistance.

D.03 WATER (NON-AGRICULTURAL): Water System Development/Construction

The main objective of this sector is to provide the refugee/IDP beneficiaries with an adequate daily amount of water (20 liters/person/day) of potable quality. The sector provides for the rehabilitation and extension of existing and construction of new water service lines primarily in under-served rural areas and at locations with assessed lack of water supplies. The sector also addresses the need of providing, where feasible, piped water supply to the newly constructed limestone settlements that accommodate IDPs.

OXFAM will procure a variety of water system hardware locally and elsewhere. The main system components will be four electric submersible and three centrifugal water pumps of various diameter (6"-10"), and where necessary, control panels, small transformers and electrical power cables. For the connection of rising mains and water distribution network, some 7,500 m of water pipes of various diameters (15-80mm) and related hardware will be procured. The equipment will find application in small-scale rural water schemes, work implemented in cooperation with the Regional Water Departments and the State Committee for Refugees; 15 water schemes are to benefit some 600 families. Participation of local water authorities will form an integral part of the sector activity and enable implementing agencies to enlist local expertise in the pursuit of project objectives. In addition, prior to commencing with sector work, OXFAM will seek agreement with relevant authorities and IDP beneficiaries themselves in order to secure their active participation in the operation/maintenance of water schemes. Such technical assistance will also be sought by IRC and RI when there is a need for connecting RI-constructed settlements to the trunk water mains, service distribution lines or boreholes.

The sector also takes into account the need for a systematic testing so as to ascertain the potability of supplies and physical state of water supply hardware. A microbiological water testing kit provided to OXFAM will be continue to be employed to provide conclusive evidence as to water supplies being fit for human consumption and/or to identify the need for practical measures and [chemical] disinfection of supply systems.

RI and Hayat will engage in this sector activity to link the new IDP settlements to the existing water supply installations and/or rehabilitate defunct or malfunctioning water system hardware to serve exclusively the IDP communities housing in the new limestone settlements. The sector aims at providing potable piped water supplies to IDPs who would, otherwise, have to rely on the availability of water from distant/unsafe water sources. Provisions under this sector will allow IRC to construct and/or rehabilitate upto 297 water schemes in conjunction with repatriate home rehabilitation project in Fizuli.

Budgetary provision is made to cover salaries of internationally and locally recruited field staff. Under this sector OXFAM will employ a local field coordinator and driver; RI and Hayat will field local water engineers for three months to oversee activities by RWD. Salary of IRC's expatriate water engineer for two months will be provided. The cost of fuel and maintenance of a NIVA project vehicle will be provided for.

E.03 SANITATION: Sanitary Facilities/Latrine Construction

The sector activities encompass maintenance, rehabilitation and replacement of sanitary facilities constructed during 1996 and to ensure continued serviceability of same. OXFAM will implement the sector in road-side camps where most pit-latrines were erected previously as well as occupied public buildings and railway carriages in Barda, Tartar, Aghdam, Imishli, Saatli, Sabirabad and Bilasuvar as well as other regions if need be. Construction of new toilets will be continued at sites where poor sanitation pose a health risk to the IDP communities. Replacement of dilapidated toilets may also be made.

OXFAM will build for 2,000 beneficiary families up to 800 VIP latrines of which some 400 units will be individual family latrines; VIP latrines will also be provided in existing IDP roadside settlements and other sites at a ratio of one latrine for four families.

The construction of the VIP latrines will be based on ply-wood cladding on timber frame and painted for better durability and reduced maintenance requirements. The construction of pit- latrines will also incorporate a manual self-help component to encourage the IDP beneficiaries to actively contribute toward their own welfare. Assistance will be given to elderly persons or physically disabled who are unable to participate in this activity.

The sector also addresses the need for equipping IDP settlements with bathing facilities where unavailable or inadequate. OXFAM will construct bathhouses (hamams) which will be provided with piped hot/cold water and segregated into some 40 female/male cubicles. Each shower cubicle may serve up to 20 families for a total target of 800 families. It is envisaged that this measure may thus reduce the prevalence of scabies and other skin ailments for the improved health of the IDP communities. An important aspect of this work will be to ensure that a system is in place to operate and maintain such facilities. OXFAM will also construct some 40 communal wash-houses for washing clothes and cooking utensils adjacent to the existing or new bath houses. The wash houses will be served by a common hot/cold water system. Each wash-house will be equipped with several sinks and serve around 40 beneficiary families at each location.

In connection with the construction of new limestone one-family houses, 550 individual VIP latrines will be procured by RI from IRC-established and IDP-run workshop in form of knocked-down assembly kits consisting of a pre-cast concrete slab and timber components for the superstructure; fuel costs and hire of trucks for transportation of these materials will be provided by the sector. Provisions have been made to procure relevant building supplies to facilitate construction of latrines by RI field teams. Hayat International will build 100 one-family VIP latrines for the new limestone houses that will be constructed in the southern regions for the rural refugee and IDP communities. IRC will build up to 297 sanitary facilities(VIP latrines and bath-houses) in conjunction with repatriate home rehabilitation project in Fizuli with the assistance of beneficiaries.

E.21 SANITATION: Human Waste Control

Under this sector activity provision has been made for a purchase of bins for the collection of solid waste by OXFAM. Metal bins will be provided to the 20 sites where disposal of such waste is problematic. IDP/refugee communities will be responsible for organizing the collection and safe disposal themselves. OXFAM health promoters and community workers will help to organize regular self-help cleaning campaigns.

E.23 SANITATION: Vector/Pest Control (except Warehouse)

This sector will introduce control measures for whichever pests are encountered at the 20 sites at which OXFAM is working. Measures may include purchase of rat-traps, fly-screen netting and the filling of area with stagnant water/mosquito breeding sites.

E.97 SANITATION: Training/Orientation/Seminar, etc.

This sector provides for a comprehensive health education and promotion programme to be conducted by OXFAM. It is an extension of water and sanitation sector work with the aim to promote environmental sanitation/personal hygiene of IDPs living under unsanitary or unhealthy conditions. In support of these activities, the sector provides for food for the participants of "new" trainers courses and courses for the health facilitators. Relevant display and promotional material will be printed locally and used by the trainers; equipment will be purchased to produce inputs for the working of IDP/refugee community groups.

E.99 SANITATION: Sector Support/Management

Hire of four drivers/vehicles will be provided to OXFAM. Provision is made to purchase a 4WD vehicle and fuel. Salaries of project staff engaged in the implementation of the sector will be covered. OXFAM will employ an expatriate health education engineer and one field technical assistant, three health promoters and one driver with vehicle.

F.03 HEALTH/NUTRITION: Health Facilities Construction

CAD will assist local authorities to open a reproductive health center in Mingechavir. The building identified to serve such a center is in need of repairs; funds will be made available to carry out basic rehabilitation and/or physical repair work.

F.21 HEALTH/NUTRITION: General Health Services

As in most of the newly independent countries of the CIS women's reproductive health has been sorely neglected in Azerbaijan. Abortions remain the primary form of contraception and are readily obtained, often with a disregard for their reproductive health.

In 1996, RI's medical teams began in-service training on women's reproductive health (WRH) in order to provide better diagnosis, treatment and prevention education to vulnerable women. RI began to develop a referral system to its stationary clinics to enable IDP women to have access to more specialized WRH services. Access to such services has been particularly difficult in the area remote from under-equipped and under-staffed government polyclinics. It is estimated that 67,500 women will have access for the first time to monthly RH services that are to be supported through expansion of RI's on-going stationary clinics. In addition to specialized reproductive health services, in-service training of existing primary health care programme will ensure quality care for all IDP/R women in RI's area of operation. Working with other UN agencies such as UNICEF and UNFPA will further increase effectiveness of efforts and prepare ground for eventual handing over of these activities. RI will also work with national NGOs and provide capacity building. A large part of the reproductive health has been modified to include men, using male volunteers to give them more responsibility for their part in RH issues.

A public health curriculum will be designed and training will be provided to these volunteers. IDP primary health care workers who have received training under USAID-supported health programme will receive further training on RH prevention education in order to consolidate awareness among the refugee/IDP women. Budgetary provisions are made to procure basic equipment for five RH clinics such as examination tables, instruments, portable autoclaves, heaters and privacy screens.

The objective of Women and Health Programme conducted by IRC is to increase women's knowledge of reproductive health practices and options and to facilitate access to reproductive health services offered by government facilities and medical NGOs. IRC will train selected IDP women as health educators and provide training on such issues as family planning, pregnancy, women's diseases and child health care. The health educators will then organize, monitor and support women's groups and educate the women about reproductive health and contraception. Towards this IRC will target 40 settlements to reach a minimum of 1,200 families. Health Education Centers will be built to house the women's groups educational activities and to be used by mid-wives and nurses to examine the patients. The centers will also be used by the health education programme as a base to disseminate health materials. Performance indicators for this sector will include attendance at women's groups, measurement of retention of education material by both the volunteer health educators and members of women's groups and ongoing health information collected by the volunteer health educators such as contraceptive use, abortion rates, number of pregnancies, birth outcomes and women's diseases rates.

UMCOR's activities in this sector will address needs to provide an integrated approach in the provision of health services for IDP women and their families. Budgetary provisions have been made to procure sanitary supplies for 10,000 beneficiary women.

F.27 HEALTH/NUTRITION: Maternal/Child Health Services

In this sector activity CAD will continue its programme on providing preventative health care measures for newborn infants and support of mothers in the established area of operation around Mingechavir. CAD will distribute 1,500 hygiene kits for newborn infants and mothers as a component of this programme. The hygiene kits will consist of locally purchased items such as nappies, a towel, women and baby clothes, soap, washing powder, petroleum jelly and sanitary napkins. The distribution of the kits will be monitored by CAD staff on a proportional sample. Kits will be distributed to mother after the birth of the child; allowing a more comprehensive data collection of all births whether at a health facility or a home delivery. Beneficiaries of this programme will be the IDP families residing in public buildings, temporary shelters, tents and railway carriages.

One of the components of the recently launched health system reforms takes into account a significant reduction of medical staff at MoH health structures. As a result at least four polyclinics will be closed and staff reduced in Mingechavir. Medical authorities of Mingechavir suggested that one large center be opened and all services relating to reproductive health be available at this center. A list of necessary supplies and basic furniture has been prepared in consultation with local authorities and includes syphmomanometers, washstands, tables, chairs, stethoscopes, thermometers, examination coaches, etc. Budgetary provisions will cover local purchase of these items.

The sector provides for a purchase of medicines by UMCOR to support maternal health/ nutrition including multi-vitamins, ferrous sulphate, folic acid, vitamins A, C and B-1.

F.30 HEALTH/NUTRITION: Health Education

Under this sector activity budgetary provisions will be made for development of training-of-trainers(TOT) programme and manual for all RI medical staff. The printed material will be developed and training will be conducted by an expert trainer on reproductive health.

F.96 HEALTH/NUTRITION: Individual/Family Support

Asylum seekers and refugees , originating from non-CIS countries, do not have access to public health services. A UNHCR-designated local doctor will provide primary medical assistance to asylum seekers, refugees and other persons of concern to UNHCR. If need be, the designated doctor will also arrange for hospitalization of asylum seekers as well. Funds under this sector activity are covering the costs of medicines and doctor's fees.

F.97 HEALTH/NUTRITION: Training/Orientation/Seminar, etc.

The objective of this sector activity, carried out by IRC is to conduct educational campaigns on several public health and environmental issues in coordination with distributions of seeds, agricultural tools and greenhouse materials; and to develop and field test a catalogue of health educational materials to be utilized by IRC and other interested NGOs and GoA structures. Health education will specifically target children and will be coordinated with small scale tree planting activities scheduled for the early autumn. The production of environmental health materials will be done in form of pamphlets, posters, slides and will support educational efforts in this sector.

Consultation with the Government and NGOs to share information and examine health education resources will be a crucial element of this sector. All new materials will be field tested and evaluated prior to mass distribution among the beneficiary communities.

CAD in cooperation with UNFPA will aim to improve the capacity of the MoH's medical staff through a series of workshops and training programmes. Towards this objective four gynecologists will attend a two-week training programme organized in Baku; the purpose of the training is to consolidate their knowledge, to see a center in operation and update their knowledge on correct use of contraceptives. In Mingechavir, seminars and workshops will be organized for all gynecologists, mid-wives and patronages. Meetings will be held monthly to discuss the progress of the project and CAD project gynecologist will provide continued support to MoH staff in the Mingechavir RH Center. Provisions will cover the costs relating to production of RH materials and conducting of training.

In the first two months of its project implementation, UMCOR will develop information materials for dissemination to target population of IDP women. Materials will include pamphlets for general distribution and a training manual for specialized training-of-trainers in the community. UMCOR training teams will conduct a one-week community needs assessment, survey on women's knowledge, attitudes and practices and organize women to self-select candidates to receive training. Within this assessment will be the identification of traditional birth attendants, nurses, midwives, physicians and other local medical professionals; women volunteers will be elucidated that this training is to build up local capacity in the subject matter. UMCOR will initiate a male component to the RH community outreach activities. Additional information materials will be developed for the new target group. Two male RH outreach specialist will work as one team and deliver training and RH informational materials to IDP men residing in public buildings.

F.99 HEALTH/NUTRITION: Sector Support/Management

Under this sector activity budgetary provisions have been made to cover operational costs of RI, IRC and UMCOR medical teams. Hire of five vehicles for RI's RH teams as well as costs associated with lodgings of these teams will be provided. In addition, a warehouse for storage of medical supplies procured under this sector will be rented. Salaries of RI's RH trainer, medical coordinator, field medical coordinator, RH trainer, six gynecologists, three nurses/midwives, a translator, a housekeeper and a driver will be covered by this activity.

Towards sector implementation IRC will hire an expatriate community health manager and public health trainer, eight PH outreach workers with vehicles, a data specialist, two translators, a poster artist and a driver with vehicle. Costs related to hire and insurance of vehicles, petrol and vehicle maintenance will be covered by the sector activity. Provisions are made to cover IRC's field base rentals, purchase of a laptop computer with printer and a photocopier. In addition, indemnity payments to IRC staff will be provided.

Provisions have been made to cover CAD's operational costs related to hire of transport, vehicle maintenance and fuel as well as warehouse rent. Provisions also cover agency's communication costs and purchase of office supplies. Salaries of a health project manager, six distributors, a packer, office manager, gynecologist will be covered.

For the implementation of the health sector objectives UMCOR will hire a field and Baku-based expatriate reproductive health project officer, local project manager, medical director, warehouse manager, three maternity care physicians, four RH trainers, four drivers with cars, a warehouse assistant, three nurses, a medical coordinator, computer specialist, medical distributor, temporary labour, eight monitors with cars. UMCOR will purchase basic office supplies, rent a regional warehouse, cover vehicle petrol costs and local/regional travel of its project staff.

G.03 SHELTER/OTHER INFRASTRUCTURE: Refugee Shelter/Construction

The main objective is to provide safe and adequate housing to IDPs and refugees that will focus primarily on the construction of simple, individual family dwellings and the renovation of existing shelters such as public buildings where refugee/IDP families reside. The construction of the new family-size (24 sq.m.) housing units will be made in accordance with the design developed by UNHCR/PTSS with locally available materials such as timber(including Sweden-donated construction lumber) for doors, windows and roof trusses, limestone blocks for foundation and walls, and asbestos sheet for roof. This design is, at the same time, durable, dismantlable and portable; in the event repatriation takes place in the future, the materials can be utilized in the repair of damaged dwellings or re-construction. In addition, the re-usable construction material can be employed in the construction of a similar shelter unit by the IDP returnees at their places of origin and/or regional relocation. The work on public buildings will provide basic repairs to insulate the dwellings from rain and cold, reduce health and fire hazards by improving water supply and public sanitation and carrying out electrical re-wiring where found faulty.

Small repair work on some 300 temporary IDP shelter will be carried out on a self-help basis supervised by OXFAM. This will benefit approximately 1,500 persons residing in reed houses, dilapidated tents and other forms of inadequate shelters. Practical assistance will be provided through contractors to extend help the elderly/physically disabled people. OXFAM will implement these measures at surveyed sites the Barda, Terter, Aghdam after consultation with other international NGOs involved in similar activities.

One of the needs that is arising among IDP communities is a need for improvements to kindergarten/schooling facilities. A lumpsum will be made available to rehabilitate a room in the public building, a temporary structure or unused village school building. Work will be carried out by OXFAM-appointed building contractors at ten selected sites.

In consultation with local EXCOMs in Aghdam, Aghjabedi, Beylagan, Terter, Khanlar and Ismailli, RI will identify the most vulnerable families living in road-side communities and temporary dwellings that are inadequate as human shelter. RI will make house-to-house surveys in these districts to identify the vulnerable families; among the families, priority will be given to female-headed households.

After identification of these target families, RI will confer with UNHCR and subsequently inform the beneficiaries of the plan of action. Another criteria for selection of sites will be availability of land, electricity and water. Selection of the contractors will be done on the basis of competitive bidding; the final decision will be based upon cost, experience, reliability and assessed professionalism of the contractors. Particular attention will be paid towards identification of larger settlement sites in order to maximize the potential for development of self-sustaining communities. Larger settlements may require inclusion of a temporary health post and a school and would become a better venue for income-generation and community environmental rehabilitation initiatives(e.g. distribution of tree seedlings to be planted by school children and teachers, etc.). These activities may be conducted by refugee/IDP community as self-help initiatives.

This sector activity provides for the construction of 550 single family units. RI will construct limestone family houses of standard dimensions of 6 m(length) x 4 m(width) and a height of 2 meters. The house design will follow the prototype worked out by UNHCR/PTSS. The design accommodates standard features such as pitched roof covered with locally manufactured roofing materials, two windows for cross ventilation, a door and a suspended ceiling for added thermal insulation. The house design and siting of the dwelling take into account the possibility of future extension work by house occupants.

IRC will carry out basic repairs to public buildings for 600 families currently occupying these buildings. One general contractor per building or group of buildings will be selected, after a competitive bidding. To ensure quality workmanship, the work of each building contractor will be supervised by the expatriate construction officer and a local site engineer. The sector also provides for the rehabilitation of 297 [war destroyed/ damaged] individual houses by IRC in the Fizuli region. Most of the IDP returnees possess the knowledge to effectively rehabilitate their former homes, but lack material. IRC will provide the construction material to the families and assist in practical matters whenever required. Partial repair of these houses will be done to provide a minimum of one room per family and 4.5-5 square meters per person. In support of shelter rehabilitation activities- and to assist reintegration of returnee families - a minimum of six schools will be rehabilitated in formerly occupied areas of Azerbaijan. A further 110 houses will be subject to minor repairs (i.e. replacing window panes, etc.). Performance indicators will include number of shelters/public buildings rehabilitated, number of beneficiaries served and an use-satisfaction survey conducted upon completion of works.

In support of these activities monthly allocation of petrol fuel, maintenance and repair and vehicle insurance expenses will be covered. In addition, provision is made to cover rental costs of one regional office in Aghjabedi. Technical project staff employed on the project comprises two expatriate construction engineer, a local site engineer, field officers(8), drivers(3), two translators, three engineers, two electricians; partial salaries of these staff will be borne by the project. Cost related to food and lodgings of project staff will be covered. Local staff severance and indemnity payments will be provided for.

Hayat will construct 100 family limestone dwellings in the sites identified in Sabirabad and Kurdamir regions. The selection criteria of beneficiaries follows those described under OXFAM, RI and IRC project outline and will conform to the standard design and use of building materials. The construction will be carried out by local contractors selected by the project implementing agencies on the basis of competitive bidding.

G.22 SHELTER/OTHER INFRASTRUCTURE: Electricity/Lighting Development/Const

The sector activity takes into account provision of external electrical installation as well as basic electrification of the limestone houses constructed by RI, Hayat and individual shelters repaired by OXFAM where technically feasible. Basic electrical house installation will include provision of light ceiling point, two power outlets and a light switch. In addition, a house internal safety device(circuit breaker) will be installed. Provisions will allow RI to procure wood poles to put in place overhead power lines.

G.99 SHELTER/OTHER INFRASTRUCTURE: Sector Support/Management

Toward this sector outline, OXFAM will employ an expatriate construction engineer, two local technical[engineering] assistants, a warehouse manager, a foreman, 10 refugee/IDP workers, a cook and two guards. For the transport of building/construction material and/or repair material OXFAM will hire one truck with driver for the duration of eight months; costs are provided for by the sector. In addition provision is made to include hire of a light vehicle with driver. Cost of rent of a regional base is provided for under the sector; petrol, maintenance and repair of vehicles and office premises will be provided for as well. The sector also provides for a purchase of a NIVA 4WD vehicle by OXFAM.

Budgetary provision is made to cover staff salaries employed by RI to carry out project supervisory activities such as two expatriate construction officers, field coordinator, programme assistant, field monitor, two field team leaders, four site engineers, two interpreters, data specialist, warehouse manager and three labourers and two housekeepers. Cost for lodgings for two field teams is covered by the project. Also, hire of three 4WD NIVA vehicles and four trucks will be provided for by the project. In addition, rental costs of two field warehouse units will also be covered by the project. Miscellaneous supplies, relating to drawing of shelter site plans, relevant stationery will be purchased by the agency. Budgetary provisions will also allow for a purchase of a computer by RI.

Budgetary provision is made to cover salaries of technical engineering staff working on the Hayat's shelter project such as a chief engineer and one site engineer to coordinate and supervise project work by the contractor. Vehicle rental and provision of fuel will be covered by the sector. Cost of lodging for field staff will be provided for by the sector.

H.22 COMMUNITY SERVICES: Special Services (Children)

OXFAM will continue its activities with the children's circles established in 1996. Children circles' supervisors will be selected from among the community and will preferably be former teachers. They will be encouraged to work voluntarily or for a small payment from the children's families. In addition, the sector provides for the purchase of materials for children's circles at forty sites. These inputs will include costumes for health education plays, wooden toys, games, musical instruments, books and pencils.

RI will engage in similar activities and procure basic supplies for such as blankets, toys, water filter, heaters, etc. These items will be used in the child daycare center operated by RI. The day care centers will serve a dual purpose of enabling refugee/IDP women to engage in income-generation while providing their children with stimulating activities.

H.23 COMMUNITY SERVICES: Special Services (Women)

OXFAM will utilize its existing workshop facilities to produce reusable sanitary towels for the vulnerable IDP women and girls. OXFAM will produce 20,000 quality sanitary packs each containing six sanitary napkins and distribute these supplies to beneficiaries in conjunction with other community activities in the area of programme activities.

H.28 COMMUNITY SERVICES: Community Development Services

The objective of this sector is to provide selected families with a limited amount of such supplies as water jerry cans, plastic bowls and buckets, jars, etc. These will aim at improving public health situation by breaking possible routes for fecal, oral disease transmission. These items will be distributed in sets through the community programme to families simultaneously with the distribution of sanitary towels to targeted women.

OXFAM will also undertake the construction of 100 community shelters that may range from small stone built community centers to simple sun/rain shelters over baking places or other public meeting places at various road-side IDP settlements in areas of project activities. Each community shelter will benefit 20 families each, a total of 2,000 families.

In addition, funds will be provided implementation of five small QIPs by IRC which will encourage reintegration of returning IDPs to their places of origin and/or local integration of IDPs in their host communities. Project proposals will be solicited from IDP community groups. Community groups will then implement the projects with technical and logistical support of IRC. Examples of projects which may be implemented will include equipping if schools, set up of vocational training workshops, etc.

Criteria for proposal selection will include the number of potential beneficiaries, impact of interventions, timeframe and so on.

H.29 COMMUNITY SERVICES: Cultural/Recreational Activities

Under this sector activity provision is made for the purchase of supplies for community groups. These will include tables and benches, sewing/knitting materials to produce their own winter garments and miscellaneous sports equipment. These items will be distributed at forty sites where OXFAM operates; some 2,000 IDP/refugee families will benefit.

H.97 COMMUNITY SERVICES: Training/Orientation/Seminar, etc.

This sector will provide for the training of OXFAM staff in appropriate skills for working with communities to allow for more effective local decision making. Six courses will be conducted for 20 people each in such subjects as rudimentary communication skills, basics in organizing meetings and the various practical aspects of OXFAM's intervention such as health promotion, sanitation and income-generation. Provision has been made for food to the participants of these training courses for an enhanced attendance and results.

RI will aim to utilize the micro-enterprise development (MED) initiative and child daycare activities as a starting point for the formation of the indigenous Azerbaijani women's NGO, which by 1998 will be a sub-contractor for an expanded MED/day care project and would even be able to develop new programmes of its own. RI will use its staff to contribute to the development of such an NGO. Personnel, administrative, procurement, operating regulations will be taught to the individual selected to run the new NGO and his/her staff.

H.99 COMMUNITY SERVICES: Sector Support/Management

Under this sector activity provision has been to cover OXFAM's operational costs relating to hire of four vehicles/drivers and a truck. Costs associated with a monthly allocation of fuel for one vehicle and its maintenance will be provided by the project. Salaries of the three community workers, 30 IDP community workers, technical assistant, production coordinator and Barda office manager will be provided. RI will hire an IDP child daycare centre worker for twelve months to run the operation independently.

J.03 CROP PRODUCTION: Construction/Improvements

The most active participants of the training schemes will benefit from receiving material/financial assistance toward, for example construction of cold frames, small greenhouses or small scale drying facilities, seeds, etc. Funding approval would depend on the soundness of the plan prepared during the training in business as well as relevant technical knowledge, experience and assessed capability to carry out the plan through. 300 beneficiaries will be selected by the community-appointed committee comprising at least three members including those with relevant business and agronomic expertise.

J.21 CROP PRODUCTION: Production Activities/Inputs

Provision has been made for supporting small-scale agricultural activities by the refugees and displaced persons in growing vegetables as a supplementary source of food for improved dietary intake. The sector is aiming at providing family packets of assorted vegetable seeds and fruit trees to the beneficiaries. The provision of seeds will also enable rural beneficiaries to generate a modest seasonal income through partial sale of their surplus yields on the markets thus providing for a degree of improved [and renewed] socio-economic activities and well-being of the targeted communities.

The primary beneficiaries will be women-headed households and occupants of the new single-family limestone housing units constructed by RI, also to equip the IDPs with the opportunity for a smooth and convenient settling in their new settlements.

Toward the implementation of this sector, RI will engage a local supervisor/monitor and five field distributors. RI will also distribute fruit trees to 500 selected beneficiary families. In carrying out these activities, the sector provides for the hire of three passenger vehicles and flatbed trucks, operational cost of fuel and cost of renting a regional warehouse unit.

IRC will rehabilitate selected commercial greenhouses in consultation with IRC's income-generation specialist and a consultant from VOCA(Volunteers in Overseas Cooperative Assistance). Greenhouse production on a commercial level will allow beneficiaries to obtain higher prices for their [horticultural] produce in winter and spring. Forty greenhouses will be rehabilitated after screening of the beneficiaries and suitable sites have been identified. Each unit will be run by two families, benefiting 80 families. Participants will receive training in greenhouse assembly and maintenance, crop production, marketing, seed propagation and association development in view of continued sustainability.

IRC will also procure fruit trees to replace trees cut down by IDPs/refugees around public buildings and settlements and to increase environmental awareness through active tree planting activities in conjunction with environmental education of the IDP children. 3,000 tree seedlings will be planted in and around settlements and public buildings in the early autumn. The tree planting campaigns will be preceded by dissemination of environmental education materials(activity books) as well as technical assistance from local NGOs. This field activity will be coordinated with the regional government forestry departments.

In addition, IRC will procure materials for greenhouse to be distributed to 500 returnee families in Fizuli and other regions of operation. In addition, IRC will procure and distribute 2,500 sets of agricultural tools. The family greenhouses will allow IDPs to enjoy a longer growing season and to strengthen their [fresh] food security. Outreach and dissemination of nutrition education materials will also be coordinated with this activity. Performance evaluation will entail monitoring activities beginning with the assembly of greenhouses and planting crops by the local agronomist and field officers, including post-harvest surveys of the amounts and types of produce grown and estimates of supplementary income generated from the crop production that may serve as a measurement of knowledge gained.

Cost of food and lodging for the local field staff will be provided for. Hire of eight flatbed trucks and diesel fuel for the regional distribution of tools, tree seedlings and greenhouse components will be provided for a period of three months. Provisions are also made to cover vehicle insurance and regional office rent for five months. As well, the sector provides for material for maintaining IRC's regional warehouse. Salaries of the expatriate logistics officer, expatriate project coordinator and two consultants will be provided. IRC will also recruit local agronomist, six field officers, three distribution monitors, one translator, a warehouse manager, three warehouse supervisors, EDP specialist, six drivers and two warehouse guards. Staff severance/indemnity payments will be provided.

ADRA will implement a greenhouse-based agricultural project that will involve the procurement, preparation and distribution of materials for the construction of 100 market garden enterprises run by IDPs. Each greenhouse market garden will include plastic sheeting, metal rod framework, wire and string for erecting four 3 m x 20 m greenhouses. In addition, vegetable seeds, 500 sets of gardening tools will also be procured toward this.

ADRA will make use of UNHCR stock of transparent reinforced plastic material procured in 1995. Provision is also made for assistance of up to 20 enterprises and/or cooperative groups of enterprises in marketing their produce; such assistance may include purchase of wooden stalls and equipment (scales, crates, etc.) and provision of training in book keeping and related skills. ADRA will also engage in setting-up of tree nurseries. Provisions are made for the procurement of fertilizer inputs and fencing wire materials for nurseries. The programme will identify motivated leaders from among the IDP population who will be instrumental in ensuring the success of the enterprises they lead. They will be responsible for the day-to-day running of the market gardens and for all aspects of operation. The community will be required to nominate the neediest families from among its members to benefit from participation of the programme. It is expected the each market garden will provide full time employment for five persons who will receive payment in the form of a percentage of the crops harvested plus their share of income from the crops sold. Ownership of the programme by all participants will be encouraged by the fact that each member of the group jointly signs a protocol governing the use of inputs with ADRA. Target areas for implementation will be the cities of Ganja and Naftalan, and Khanlar, Geranboy, Samukh, Gazakh, Dashkesan, Shamkir, Tovuz, Gedabey and Aghstafa regions.

Continued technical advice given on individual and group level and an assessment survey with accompanying report at programme completion is also provided for in the sector through employment of expatriate agronomist(or horticulturist) and two assistants. In addition, ADRA will hire two drivers, a logistician, four labourers, a translator and four guards. Lodgings of agricultural team in the field will be provided by the project.

J.97 CROP PRODUCTION: Extension/Training/Seminar, etc.

Under this sector activity OXFAM will provide for an appropriate training, in both problem-solving agricultural practices and small business management. Training on such activities would be conducted through field extension days as well as formal workshops.

J.99 CROP PRODUCTION: Sector Support/Management

Towards implementation of its sector objectives OXFAM will hire a field coordinator. Budgetary provisions are also made to hire one light vehicle and two flatbed trucks.

K.21 LIVESTOCK/ANIMAL HUSBANDRY: Production Activities/Inputs

Following successive implementation of sheep-rearing activities in 1995 and 1996 activities under this sector will continue. The economic situation of 900 vulnerable rural refugee/displaced families will be improved through livestock rearing. The sector provides for the distribution of 5 ewes by RI to 180 beneficiary families in the southern regions, of whom 50 percent will be headed by women. The primary objective is to encourage [economic] self-reliance of individual IDP families; consuming or selling such outputs as milk, wool and lambs.

The project takes into account the minimum size of the sheep flock required to reach a level at which the herd becomes self-sufficient. The assistance provided to the beneficiaries also includes the purchase of 81 MT of dry/enriched animal fodder and distribution of same to the rural settlements for one winter season.

This sector activity also provides for renewed livestock raising activities among the IDP returnees to the Fizuli region. Some 600 female sheep will be distributed to 120 needy and most vulnerable female-headed households, or impecunious families who are truly most disadvantaged. The selected families will have previous experience in sheep rearing and access to pasture grounds. A VOCA livestock specialist will conduct an assessment to determine programme support needs(veterinary and sheep rearing supplies, sheep fodder, etc.) and conduct training sessions for a locally hired programme assistant as well as to the beneficiaries. The procurement of 36 MT of animal fodder and the in-country transport of same as well as animal stocks to the selected rural locations is provided for.

Hayat will implement a sheep project covering provision to refugees/IDPs of 3,000 animals; five ewes will be given to selected rural beneficiaries, with priority being assigned to female-headed families and families who meet stringent selection criteria and those who are impoverished and particularly vulnerable in socio-economic context. The sector also provides for the purchase of 180MT of oats to be distributed during winter months. This project will benefit 600 refugee/IDP families in the selected regions. The assistance is also to benefit IDP families who originally came from sheep rearing regions and areas and possess experience in animal husbandry and use of wool; for renewed socio-economic activities among the needy for improved livelihood and self-sustainance.

K.22 LIVESTOCK/ANIMAL HUSBANDRY: Veterinary/Vaccination Services

The sector provides for the purchase of essential vaccines and medicines. RI, IRC and Hayat will ensure adequate availability of such vaccines to ensure that beneficiaries will receive healthy animal stock as well as carry out any post-distribution vaccination of the beneficiaries' sheep herds if so required.

K.99 LIVESTOCK/ANIMAL HUSBANDRY: Sector Support/Management

For a period of three months, RI will field a local team consisting a veterinarian, three surveyors/distributors. Cost of petrol fuel and hire of two RI vehicles and three trucks will be covered by the sector. IRC will hire three trucks for the period of one month to facilitate distribution of sheep and fodder. A zootechnician and a field driver will be also hired by IRC towards sector implementation. Hayat's project team will involve a project coordinator, five veterinarians, three team leaders, one driver and five monitors. Costs associated with outposted Hayat teams' food and lodging will be covered by the project.

In addition, Hayat will hire transport units for distribution of sheep(60 trucks), animal fodder(42 truck loads), survey teams(5 vehicles), field teams(3 vehicles) and a vehicle for regular monitoring of field teams. Petrol costs for the vehicles will be provided as well as maintenance of a project vehicle; a UNHCR NIVA vehicle assigned to Hayat.

N.22 INCOME-GENERATION: Small Business Assistance

The sector aims to enable OXFAM to issue small business grants to initiate small income-generation projects and to purchase equipment for selected beneficiaries. 200 families will be selected by a committee of at least three staff-members of OXFAM and ideally will be known to OXFAM through other on-going programmes. Criteria will include the presentation of a sound business plan, experience in the area of operation and capability to carry out the plan. Grants will be issued in two parts; second installment depending on the successful use of the first, according to the approved business plan and with an satisfactory book-keeping. Emphasis will be placed on marketing. The second objective is to provide 50 selected IDP families with purchased or hired equipment for renewed income-generating activities. The equipment will be rented to the beneficiaries and will become their property after payment of the rent is completed. Should the family business default, the equipment will be recovered. Beneficiaries will be selected from the small grant receivers who have demonstrated their ability to do well.

RI's evaluation in income-generation sector has shown that IDPs have some trade skills but lack the capital and specific business knowledge to start micro-enterprises of their own. The micro-enterprise development(MED) project will be an expansion of the 1996 work. After soliciting applications RI will select 50 refugee/IDP families in and around shelter sites in Barda and Saatli and train them in micro-enterprise start up and management. After a successful completion of a 3-day workshop the beneficiaries will receive the resources (up to USD200) to purchase necessary equipment and related start up materials. The recipients will pay back the cost of the capital equipment in full by the end of the project year. The returned funds then will be utilized for the next group of beneficiaries in 1998. Budgetary provisions will support implementation of some small income-generating activities that will be identified by BO Baku field staff.

N.97 INCOME-GENERATION: Extension/Training/Seminar, etc.

The training seminars will provide the core of the income-generation and business programmes together with the visits of extension officers, business advisors. The employment of the market researcher by OXFAM will enable the development of new products and markets. It is considered important for the development of the traditional product market such as hand woven kilim market. Traditional designs may need to be examined as well as natural dye techniques and cost analysis. Provisions have been made for producing of training materials which will be handed out to the IDP beneficiaries.

The sector will also enable OXFAM's upgrading of the existing techniques and skills and learning of new skills by recipients. Possible areas of support through seminars will include upgrading leather tanning skills to improve the quality of the produce, either by exchange visit or the employment of an expert to provide some consultancy services.

The recipients of the RI micro-enterprise development project will be trained in the concepts of credit and interest and basic managerial skills and book-keeping procedures. Towards this materials will be translated into Azerbaijani language and printed by RI.

N.99 INCOME-GENERATION: Sector Support/Management

The sector activity provides for an operational costs of OXFAM associated with provision of petrol for three hired vehicles and their maintenance. OXFAM will hire a flatbed truck for the transport of the IG equipment for a period of three months. Salaries of the expatriate programme manager, local business trainer, two extension officers, a market researcher, assistant programme manager, five labourers and two drivers will be provided. Budgetary provision also covers rentals for a small regional warehouse.

RI will hire two vehicles for the monitoring of the income-generation activities; petrol for these vehicles will be provided. RI will also employ an expatriate income-generation specialist, local trainer cum monitor, surveyor as well as an interpreter.


The budgetary provisions under this activity cover the expenses for a team of legal experts to draft a new national legislation governing activities of the local NGOs.

O.21 LEGAL ASSISTANCE/PROTECTION: Refugee Legal Representation

As Azerbaijan's Law on Refugees and IDPs is not applied to asylum seekers and refugees originating out of CIS, such asylum seekers encounter serious protection problems with respect to their entry, residency, registration, freedom of movement, detention and documentation. This sector will provide for the engagement of local lawyers to seek domestic legal remedies to assist refugees, including the ethnic Azeri refugees from Armenia and Meskhetian Turks. In addition, the sector will provide for legal research by BO and advocacy for asylum seekers, refugees and other persons of concern to UNHCR.

O.22 LEGAL ASSISTANCE/PROTECTION: Refugee Status Determination/


There are asylum seekers in Azerbaijan who originated out of CIS and they have not been registered by the Government of Azerbaijan. State Committee for Refugees of Azerbaijan has recently agreed to register the Afghan refugees. BO will assist the Government in the registration of the Afghan asylum seekers and the acquisition of the refugee status. The budgetary provision of the sector will provide a computer, a data-base software and salaries of two staff for five months, a cost of placing advertisement in the local newspaper and the cost for printing of refugee ID cards by the SCR. The computer resources allocated to SCR for the registration of Afghan refugees can also be re-deployed for other purposes such as registration of other persons of concern to UNHCR. Meskhetian Turks are the second largest refugee group in Azerbaijan. Since their gradual entry into Azerbaijan as refugees in late 1980s almost all of them have been registered as refugees and granted 'propiska' if they owned houses or resided in permanent private address. UNHCR protection objectives vis--vis this group will focus on addressing the legal and policy issues which has impeded their local integration and the acquisition of Azerbaijani citizenship law. Under this sector activity, BO Baku will retain the legal services of local lawyers regarding the legal problems of individual cases of Meskhetian Turks with respect to propiska and other protection related issues.

O.97 LEGAL ASSISTANCE/PROTECTION: Training/Orientation/Seminars

Although Azerbaijan is a party to the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and its protocol of 1967, the Government has not implemented a cohesive practice to receive and process asylum claims of asylum seekers originating from out of the CIS. In response to the influx of ethnic Azeri refugees from Armenia, the Government adopted the Law on Refugees and IDPs in 1992 and this Law falls short of meeting the internationally recognized standards. Moreover, the Law has been applied just to two categories of refugees on a prima facie bases; ethnic Azeris from Armenia and Meskhetian Turks from Uzbekistan. Consequently, asylum seekers originating out of the CIS do not benefit from the legal protection of Azerbaijan. In retrospect the main objectives for the protection activities in Azerbaijan are to: a) assist the GoA to draft the new law on refugees and asylum seekers which is compatible with international standards, as well as assist the Azerbaijani State Committee for Refugees(SCR) to develop the necessary structure and procedures to carry out an eligibility determination exercise for asylum seekers regardless of their places of origin; b) assist the officials of Ministry of Justice to draft a new law with respect to regulating the activities of NGOs in Azerbaijan as well as providing technical support to for the local NGOs to coordinate their activities and improve their institutional capacity to carry out their mandates; and, c) researching and reporting by BO Baku on the issues which are related to asylum seekers, refugees, IDPs , religious and ethnic minorities. In addition to aforementioned objectives, BO Baku will be working closely with IOM on the follow up to CIS conference. UNHCR/IOM will be aiming at assisting GoA establish a national migration system consistent with the principles declared in CISCONF Programme of Action.

The core protection activities of UNHCR complement the UNHCR/IOM overall goal in assisting the Government to formulate policies with respect to the management of involuntary population displacement as well as assisting the government to legislate laws/regulations congruent with principles declared in the Programme of Action.

The overall UNHCR protection objectives in Azerbaijan will result in commentaries for the amendment of the Azerbaijani Law on Refugees and IDPs; a draft law on local NGOs; and the initiation of a process within the State Committee for Refugees to receive asylum seekers and conduct eligibility determination regardless of their places of origin.

To achieve these objectives, training will be used as a protection tool. The sector will allow organization of workshops and sponsor study-tours abroad for concerned authorities to acquaint them with international legal standards as well as providing them with the opportunity to benefit from experience of their counterparts in other countries with respect to the implementation of the international human rights standards in domestic legislation and administrative practices concerning refugees, IDPs and asylum seekers. Moreover, to complement the training component, budgetary provisions will allow the translation and publishing in Azerbaijani of the major international legal documents on human rights and refugees, which, among others, include: 1951 Convention and its protocol; the Handbook on Procedures and Criteria for Determining Refugee Status; the Universal Declaration of Human Rights; International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights; and International Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discriminations. These will be carried out in collaboration with the National Parliament and State Committee for Refugees.

Two study-tours abroad will be organized for the concerned authorities and the participants will include: the proponents of refugee rights in the National Parliament who are supporting UNHCR's effort to amend the current legislation on refugees and IDPs; and, the officials from the Ministries of Justice and Interior, the Cabinet of Ministers and the State Committee for Refugees. The study-tours will provide opportunities for Azeri authorities to see well-functioning asylum systems in European countries.

With respect to capacity building on national NGOs, BO Baku will organize two training seminars in Azerbaijan to improve their administrative capacity to fulfill their mandates. This sector will cover also the expenses for a legal expert to assist the concerned Azerbaijani authorities to draft a new national legislation governing activities of NGOs. GoA is in process of legislating a new nationality law. UNHCR has critiqued the draft law to ensure that its provisions are in congruity with international standards. BO Baku will organize a training seminar for the officials of the Ministries of Justice and Interior and parliamentartians specifically on procedural matters to ensure that the new law is implemented uniformly and without discrimination. The sector activity provides for EDP such as PCs, printers and associated software toward building up GoA's capacity to embark on a nation-wide re-registration exercise of its IDPs and refugees residing in Azerbaijan; five desktop computers complete with peripherals will be procured. In addition, one consultant may also be required to participate in the planning of nation-wide re-registration of refugees and IDPS.

O.98 LEGAL ASSISTANCE/PROTECTION: Other Legal Assistance Activities.

A number of refugees and asylum seekers who had been permitted to remain in former Soviet Union and, then, they have ended up in Azerbaijan after the disintegration of the USSR, would repatriate to their countries of origin. However, they cannot return without the assistance of the international organizations because they either lack travel documents or need transit visas through several countries for their repatriation. With respect to the acquisition of their transit visas, it is almost impossible for them to obtain transit visas on their own. This is because the transit countries do not have embassies in Azerbaijan, or, if they do, they do not believe that the returnees will just be in transit and the interest to return is genuine. In addition, there are some stranded migrants as well. The potential returnees originate from Jordan, West Bank (occupied territories), Somalia, Sierra Leone, Pakistan, Sudan, Ethiopia, Vietnam. Budgetary provisions are made for the Branch Office in Baku to cover repatriation of those cases to their countries of origin.

In view of putting in place a multi-faceted and integrated repatriation planning for IDPs to their places of origin, an organized and comprehensive re-registration campaign is indispensable if UNHCR is to accomplish its objective successfully. In the preparation of this crucial exercise, the sector provides for two consultancies of one month each with the following aim: (i) review GoA's previous registration practices and methodology used for the preparation of current statistics on refugees and internally displaced persons; (ii) evaluate current accuracy of IDP/R statistics compiled by the State Committee for Statistics; (iii) propose and introduce methodology for a concerted nation-wide re-registration and updating/maintenance of the computer data-base; (iv) develop up-to-date tools for all organizations, and donor information on the scope of the return activities, the areas to which the returnees will most likely relocate and their assessed needs.

The consultant will be placed in the State Committee for Refugees in Baku on a full-time basis for an initial period of 3-6 months to train the officials of the SCR on individual status determination procedures. The majority of the individual asylum seekers originate out of CIS and the consultant needs to train the employees of the SCR on interview techniques, the use of CD ROM, to acquire information on the human rights situations in the countries of origin, and the registration of individual asylum seekers by the SCR. In close consultation with BO Baku, the consultant will help develop an administrative mechanism amongst the concerned State authorities(the Ministries of Interior, Justice, and the State Committee for Refugees) in identifying individual asylum seekers in the border crossing areas and their subsequent referral to the SCR.

P.01 AGENCY OPERATIONAL SUPPORT: Plan/Survey/Research/Evaluation

Budgetary provision has been made to conduct final evaluation of the medical project implemented by UMCOR in the Metropolitan area of Baku and Absheron Peninsula. The evaluation will be conducted by a researcher hired for a period of one month.

P.21 AGENCY OPERATIONAL SUPPORT: General Project Management Services.

Provision has been made to cover operational expenses relating to the multi-sectorial project implementation by IPs and such costs indirectly associated with the sector activity. In particular, salaries of project staff based in Baku and regional bases engaged in providing operational support will be covered by this sector. Fuel, vehicle repair and maintenance, office supplies/rentals in Baku, communication and staff-related costs such as subsistence allowances and travel of expatriate/local staff travel will be covered.

In addition, the sector provides for the maintenance and repair of office premises, provision of office furniture, office supplies and printing costs for project PR material and public information concerning UNHCR's work and for the promotion of visibility as to its assistance provided. The sector also provides for the procurement of one 4WD vehicle by OXFAM, one Mitsubishi for IRC, and one vehicle by RI. Funds will be made available for an international procurement of two Nissan Patrol 4WD vehicles for BOB. A budget item has been established to cover costs related to clearance of goods consigned to BO Baku. The sector also provides for project staff severance and/or indemnity payments.

Additional provisions have been made under Oxfam sub-project to facilitate the establishment of an [UNHCR] antenna office in Barda for enhanced field presence and monitoring, and to provide for a stop-over facility for the UNHCR staff. Salaries of the project staff engaged in running of this office will be covered by the sector.

Budgetary provision is also made to provide for the costs of local audit services; OXFAM, RI, IRC, ADRA and Hayat will be hiring internationally-chartered audit firms to carry out regular audit on their financial management of UNHCR project funds.


Budgetary provision is made for miscellaneous expenses under BO Baku such as production of relevant PR information material for the submission to the Headquarters and for the international donors. A budgetary entry is to cover expenses associated the PR activities conducted by BOB; purchase of color films, printing of photographs and compilation of the portfolio presentations.

The sector provides for the production of a four-colour publication to emphasize on and promote UNHCR work, solicit public opinion and inform donor countries, embassies and interested parties on the assistance rendered by UNHCR to war-affected, traumatized populace in view of encouraging their continued funding. As well, the pictorial book is to illustrate in unmistakable terms the humanitarian dimension of the long-term dislocation of one-seventh of the country's population, hardship, desperation and endurance of the affected IDP communities in wait for peace and return to their former homes and resumption of normal lives.

P.97 AGENCY OPERATIONAL SUPPORT: Training/Orientation/Seminar, etc

Budgetary provision covers training of OXFAM staff in skills to effectively perform their assignments. These skills could include communication and teaching skills, administration and project management, computing and English. Priorities will be decided by OXFAM managers after individual performance reviews.

P.98 AGENCY OPERATIONAL SUPPORT: Other Agency Operational Support(Specf.)

Budgetary provisions have been made to cover computed entitlements of international NGOs relating to agency operational support costs of their Headquarters.

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